Телефон: 522-81-45

Geoinformatika 2019; 3(71) : 5-18

УДК 528+550.837+553.98


N.A. Yakymchuk1, I.N. Korchagin2

1 Institute of Applied Problems of Ecology, Geophysics and Geochemistry, prov. Laboratory, 1, Kiev, 01133, e-mail: yakymchuk@gmail.com
2Institute of Geophysics of Ukraine National Academy of Science, Kyiv, Ukraine, korchagin.i.n@gmail.com

Purpose. The results of additional studies using the methods of frequency-resonance processing and interpretation of satellite images and photographs on the Ukrainian Shield (USH) are presented with the aim of studying the deep structure in this region and searching for hydrocarbon accumulations.

Design/methodology/approach. Experimental studies were carried out using modified methods of frequency-resonance processing and interpretation of satellite images and photographs, vertical electric-resonance sounding (scanning) of the cross-section, as well as methods of integrated assessment of the prospects for petroleum and ore potential of large exploration blocks and license areas. The used direct-prospecting methods are based on the principles of the «substance» paradigm of geophysical research, the essence of which is to search for a specific substance (the one sought in each particular case) – oil, gas, gas condensate, gold, zinc, uranium, etc.

Findings. Studies have confirmed the presence of two layers of granites of different ages on the USH, as well as deep channels of vertical migration of fluids, minerals, and chemical elements with roots at depths of 470 km and 996 km filled with granite rocks. Channels with roots at various depths filled with basalts, ultramafic rocks, kimberlites and sedimentary rocks were found at individual points on the profiles. The interval of the cross-section between the upper and lower strata of granites deserves a detailed study in order to detect and localize possible hydrocarbon accumulations; within it, responses from sedimentary rocks, as well as oil, condensate, gas and amber, were recorded. The deep synthesis of hydrocarbons and amber is evidenced by the facts of recording responses at the frequencies of oil, condensate, gas and amber in the interval of depths from the surface up to 57 km; below this boundary, responses are recorded at the frequencies of hydrogen and carbon. The practical significance and conclusions. The results of the research indicate the feasibility of applying the methods of frequency-resonance processing and interpretation of satellite images and photographs for the operational survey of areas and blocks that are considered unpromising from the standpoint of the biogenic origin of hydrocarbons. The use of mobile and direct-prospecting methods at the initial stages of prospecting and exploration will accelerate the long process of developing the resource potential of hydrocarbons in unexplored and poorly studied regions.

Keywords: Ukrainian shield, direct prospecting, degassing, vertical channel, deep structure, cross-section, oil, gas, hydrogen, amber, satellite data, mobile technology, anomaly, remote sensing data processing, interpretation, vertical sounding.

The full text of papers


  1. Ipatenko S.P. Types of the Earth crust and oil and gas potential of the Antilles based on geonomic data. Geofizicheskiy
    zhurnal. 2012. Vol. 34, N 1. P. 171—182 (in Russian).
  2. Krayushkin V.A., Listkov V.P., Marukhnyak N.I., Maslyak V.A., Panasenko L.N., Zamulko A.F., Kenney D.F. A working-out of methods on prospects for oil and gas accumulations in subsurface of the near-Black Sea region within territories of Zaporozhskaya, Nikolaevskaya and Khersonskaya provinces. Kiev: Institute of Geological Sciences, 1998. 60 p. (in Russian).
  3. Kusov B.R. To a new level of geological thought based on original geology. Subsoil use XXI century. 2017. N 1 (64), February. P. 130—136 (in Russian).
  4. Kucherov V.G., Serovaysky A.Yu. The stability of hydrocarbon systems at ultrahigh temperature and pressure parameters. Actual problems of oil and gas. 2018. Issue 4 (23). 9 p. DOI 10.29222/ipng.2078-5712.2018-23.art37 http://oilgasjournal.ru (in Russian).
  5. Levashov S.P., Yakymchuk N.A., Korchagin I.N. New possibilities for the oil-and-gas prospects operative estimation of exploratory areas, difficult of access and remote territories, license blocks. Geoinformatyka. 2010. N 3. P. 22—43 (in Russian).
  6. Levashov S.P., Yakymchuk N.A., Korchagin I.N. Frequency-resonance principle, mobile geoelectric technology: new paradigm of geophysical investigations. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal. 2012. Vol. 34, N 4. P. 166—176 (in Russian).
  7. Lukin A.E., Shestopalov V.M. From the new geological paradigm to the tasks of regional geological and geophysical research. Geophysical journal. 2018. Vol. 40, N 4. P. 3—72 (in Russian).
  8. Polevanov V.P. Is the fall in oil production in Russia inevitable? https://regnum.ru/news/2521767.html (in Russian).
  9. Shestopalov V.M., Lukin A.E., Zgonik V.A., Makarenko A.N., Larin N.V., Boguslavsky A.S. Essays on Earth’s degassing. Kiev: BADATA-Intek Service, 2018. 632 p. (in Russian).
  10. Shilovsky A.P. Undiscovered hydrocarbon reserves: the subsoil of the Moscow sedimentary basin. https://regnum.ru/
    news/2401429.html (in Russian).
  11. Electronic petrographic reference book-identifier of magmatic, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks for operational use in the creation of Gosgeolkart1000/3 and 200/2 for the territory of the Russian Federation. St. Petersburg, 2015. http://rockref.vsegei.ru/petro/ (in Russian).
  12. Yakymchuk N.A. Electric field and its role in life on Earth. Geoinformatyka. 2014. N 3. P. 10—20 (in Ukrainian).
  13. Yakymchuk N.A., Korchagin I.N., Bakhmutov V.G., Solovjev V.D. Geophysical investigation in the Ukrainian marine Antarctic expedition of 2018: mobile measuring equipment, innovative direct-prospecting methods, new results. Geoinformatyka. 2019. N 1. P. 5—27. (in Russian)
  14. Yakymchuk N.A., Korchagin I.N. Integral estimation of the deep structure of some volcanoes and cymberlite pipes of the Earth. Geoinformatyka. 2019. N 1. P. 28—38 (in Russian).
  15. Yakymchuk N.A., Korchagin I.N. Ukrainian Shield: new data on depth structure and prospects of oil, gas condensate, gas and hydrogen accumulations detection Geoinformatyka. 2019. N 2. P. 5—18 (in Russian).
  16. Yakymchuk N.A., Korchagin I.N., Levashov S.P. Direct-prospecting mobile technology: the results of approbation during searching for hydrogen and the channels of migration of deep fluids, mineral substances and chemical elements. Geoinformatyka. 2019. N 2. P. 19—42 (in Russian).
  17. Hurricane Corporate Presentation. https://www.hurricaneenergy.com/
  18. Levashov S.P., Yakymchuk N.A., Korchagin I.N. and Bozhezha D.N. Application of mobile and direct-prospecting technology of remote sensing data frequency-resonance processing for the vertical channels of deep fluids migration detection. NCGT Journal. 2017. Vol. 5, N 1, March. P. 48—91. www.ncgt.org
  19. UK:Hurricane Energy to plug and abandon ‘Warwick Deep’ 205/26b-C well. https://www.energy-pedia.com/news/united-kingdom/uk–hurricane-energy-to-plug-and-abandon-warwick-deep-205-26b-c-well-177023
  20. Yakymchuk N.A., Levashov S.P., Korchagin I.N. Application of technology of frequency-resonant processing of satellite images and photographs on area of hydrogen production and hydrogen degasation of the Earth. 18th EAGE International Conference on Geoinformatics – Theoretical and Applied Aspects. 2019, Kyiv, 13-16 May 2019. Abstract 15007_ENG. 5 p. DOI: 10.3997/2214-4609.201902022. http://www.earthdoc.org/publication/publicationdetails/?publication=98445
  21. Yakymchuk N.A., Levashov S.P., Korchagin I.N. Integral evaluation of the oil and gas prospect of search blocks and areas by the frequency-resonance method of satellite images processing. 18th EAGE International Conference on Geoinformatics – Theoretical and Applied Aspects. 2019, Kyiv, 13—16 May 2019. Abstract 15004_ENG. 5 p. DOI: 10.3997/2214-4609.201902019. http://www.earthdoc.org/publication/publicationdetails/?publication=98442


Received 29/08/2019