Geoinformatika 2019; 3(71) : 19-28
APPLICATION OF MOBILE FREQUENCY-RESONANCE METHODS OF SATELLITE IMAGES AND PHOTO IMAGES PROCESSING FOR HYDROGEN ACCUMULATIONS SEARCHING
N.A. Yakymchuk1, I.N. Korchagin2
1 Institute of Applied Problems of Ecology, Geophysics and Geochemistry, prov. Laboratory, 1, Kiev, 01133, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2Institute of Geophysics of Ukraine National Academy of Science, Kyiv, Ukraine, email@example.com
Purpose. In order to improve methodical technique of frequency resonance methods using in the oil and gas prospecting and exploration process, as well as to study the possibility of their application for the detection and localization of hydrogen accumulation sites, additional experimental work was carried out in regions of active hydrocarbon production.
Design/methodology/approach. Experimental studies were carried out using mobile technology, that include modified methods of frequency-resonance processing and decoding of satellite images and photographs, vertical electric-resonance sounding (scanning) of a cross-section, as well as a method of integrated assessment of the prospects of oil and gas potential of large prospecting blocks and license areas. Separate methods of this direct-prospecting technology are based on the principles of the «substance» paradigm of geophysical research, the essence of which is to search for a specific (sought in each specific case) substance — oil, gas, gas condensate, gold, zinc, uranium, etc.
Findings. The studies of demonstration character were carried out on local areas of visible hydrogen degassing in Azerbaijan, Tatarstan, Latvia, in the area of the crater of a volcano in Hawaii, as well as in places where basalts reached the surface in various regions of the globe. An analysis of the materials of the experimental work shows that when measuring from the surface, signals at hydrogen frequencies are almost always recorded simultaneously with the registration of responses at basalt frequencies. When scanning a cross-section, responses from hydrogen are also recorded in basalt location intervals. This suggests that basaltic rocks can be channels of hydrogen migration to the surface, and, therefore, areas of basaltic rocks distribution should be considered the objects of primary attention when organizing and conducting prospecting for hydrogen. It is also advisable to study in detail the areas, adjacent to the basalt complexes, in order to detect possible reservoirs and tires (traps) that can contribute to the formation of hydrogen accumulations (deposits).
The practical significance and conclusions. The results of experimental studies on the areas of visible hydrogen degassing in various regions, as well as on the local site of well drilling for hydrogen in Latvia, indicate the possibility (and feasibility) of using frequency resonance methods when for hydrogen accumulations searching. The mobile method of integrated assessment of oil and gas prospects and ore potential is recommended for use on the territory of Ukraine (as well as in other regions of the world) for the purpose of preliminary assessment of oil and gas prospects and ore potential of poorly studied and unexplored prospecting blocks and local sites.
Keywords: Direct prospecting, degassing, vertical channel, volcano, deep structure, cross-section, oil, gas, hydrogen, amber, chemical elements, well, satellite data, mobile technology, anomaly, remote sensing data processing, interpretation, vertical sounding.
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